Essay by EssaySwap ContributorCollege, Undergraduate February 2008

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"Extra sensory perception is perception that is not mediated by an organism's recognized sensory organs."1 It includes telepathy, clairvoyance, precognition and psychokinesis. The later is known as the ability to affect physical objects without the use of the body, that is, by simply thinking about them. It is a psi phenomenon allegedly possessed by many entertainers; the most famous of which is Uri Geller. One study of over 1400 American adults found that 67 percent had "experienced ESP" on at least one occasion during their life.2An even greater number, approximately 75 percent, claim to believe that ESP exists.3 These are alarming figures when time after time skeptics and different associations such as the Parapsychological Association and CSICOP, or The Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal, have provided plenty of evidence from research conducted following the scientific method proving ESP to be nothing but a hoax.4

They have produced proof that many well-established, prestigious experiments proving ESP to be real have been fudged or subject to loose controls.5 So what exactly are the explanations to PK, more specifically to key and spoon bending? The Telekinetic Effect, or psychokinesis (PK) includes many different so-called "powers" from spoon bending to key bending, controlling the fall of dice to arranging cards when being shuffled, and even to the disarmament of bombs and other weapons of destruction. The most common of these powers is spoon or key bending, or more properly called metal bending. The reason for their greater exposure is that many magicians or illusionists use this trick in their routines, but is it nothing but a trick, or is it a god given extendable third arm? J.B. Rhine was the first to conduct valid research according to author and skeptic Henry Gordon in...