The psychological warfare during the Golf War 2.

Essay by Bob007High School, 11th gradeA-, July 2003

download word file, 3 pages 2.0

Downloaded 35 times

The Gulf War Two only lasted only for 3 weeks; 20,000 coalition

combat troops defeated entire Iraqi troops and occupied most of Iraqi territories.

This victory not only proved that high-tech weapons and well-planned strategies

played major roles in modern battlefield, but also showed the importance of

psychological warfare. Psychological warfare had definitely detrimental and

beneficial effects on both sides through out this war.

Before the battle was broken out in Iraq, Psychological warfare had

been frequently used by the U.S military. It was a phase of war that had no

collateral damage and could avoid slaughtering thousands of innocent people.

Their aim was to create an environment in Iraq that promotes surrendering once

the invasion started. All means of communication were exploited before the first

missile was ever lunched at Baghdad. The U.S warplane dropped tons of leaflets

through out Iraqi territories. The messages were clear: either disarm or die for

Saddam Hussein.

The leaflets were very effective during the Gulf War One since

most of Iraqi soldiers were holding coalition leaflets when they surrounded. On

the ground, U.S. official stated that they knew the names of every division

commander in Iraq and had made personal phone calls and e-mails to persuade

them not to fight. In the air, U.S. EC130 Commando Sole aircraft controlled the

electronic spectrum of radio, television and military communication bands in a

focused area. Those aircrafts constantly flew over Iraq and conducted radio

broadcasts to criticize Saddam Hussein's policies and to explain U.S. role in the

region. Psychological attacks were also lunched by pentagon thought Internet to

break into Iraqi defense system. Psychological warfare proved to be on of the most

important phases of the conflict with Iraq.

Although U.S. military also applied psychological warfare during the

war, the goal was the same: to...