Psychology and Health: Multi factorial Model

Essay by katireneUniversity, Bachelor'sA+, March 2008

download word file, 5 pages 4.3

The multi factorial model is an approach to health and health care that embraces the belief that a person's good health is a function of multiple factors working together. The multi factorial model takes in to account a person's biological factors including genetics, immune system, and chronic pain; environmental factors like pollution and job hazards; psychological factors including stress, anger, and personality; sociocultural and cultural factors including things such as family size and access to health care. Understanding these different factors about a person like their genetic make-up and environmental issues can be a great tool in early diagnosis of and understanding risk factors of many diseases like cancer and heart disease. Understanding these issues/factors can also help the medical professionals not only in diagnostics but in treatment and to recommend necessary changes in environmental factors or life style.

Many major health problems and conditions are greatly affected, increased, and even caused by psychological issues.

According to the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Elimination of tobacco use could prevent 440,000 deaths each year from cancer, heart and lung diseases, and stroke. Most people would agree that in today's enlightened world it is a person's psychological health that allows one to continue smoking. Additionally according to the NCHS improved diet and exercise could prevent 300,000 deaths from other life threatening health conditions such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and cancer. Because men are less likely to go to doctors, either because they hate to admit needing help or because it does not seem macho to be sick, they are often diagnosed with life threatening illnesses at late stage. Clearly one's psychological health affects diet and exercise habits also. Two of the health conditions that psychology has played a role in understanding are cancer and coronary heart disease (CHD). A person's...