The Rainforest

Essay by EssaySwap ContributorHigh School, 12th grade February 2008

download word file, 16 pages 5.0

Climate: Different places have different climates. The climate of a place depends on latitude, distance from the sea, direction of the prevailing wind and the relief of the area.

The nearer to the equator one place is then the hotter it is. This is due to the curvature of the earth. At the equator the sun is overhead and shines straight down so the heat is concentrated on a small area and this gets very hot. Towards the poles, the sun shines at an angle so the heat is spread out over a larger area. This decreases the temperature. This diagram shows what happens at the equator: The climate in the Rainforest is called equatorial climate. This is when the weather is hot and wet all year. Rainfall is quite heavy and falls during most afternoons. There are no winters or summers and one day is very similar to the next.

This map shows equatorial climate to be mainly limited to places within 5 degrees north and south of the equator. The two main areas where equatorial climate is found are the huge river basins of the Amazon, South America and Zaire in Africa. A major factor that affects this climate is latitude. The sun is overhead throughout the year and this gives high temperatures and is responsible for the convectional rainfall. There is no prevailing wind and the air is calm, apart from during thunderstorms.

Convectional rainfall is the main type to be found in the rainforests around the world. Convectional rainfall happens (in summer) when the heated ground warms up the air next to it and the warm air rises. This will eventually cause a thunderstorm. Here is a diagram explaining convectional rainfall: This is the climate table for Manaus, Brazil in the Amazonian rainforest: Data:...