Recombinant & Therapeutic Cloning

Essay by RectifierUniversity, Bachelor's April 2006

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Recombinant cloning involves removing DNA molecules from one organisms cell and merging it in vitro with a different organisms DNA to form functional and vital DNA molecules. The altered DNA is transmitted into the subject and directs the cell to generate certain important proteins that the organism can not otherwise create. In most cases, DNA from a benefactor organism can not be transported straight to the receiving or host organism as there are differences among the organisms. As an alternative, the donor DNA must be severed and united with a corresponding portion of DNA from an organism that has the capability to transmit the donor DNA into the host.

This form of hereditary engineering utilizes an asexual technique of replication called cloning. Clones are a group of hereditarily alike organisms or cells. As the bacterium reproduces, numerous indistinguishable replicas, or clones, of the microorganism containing the foreign genetic material are produced.

Microorganisms reproduce asexually, and therefore all offspring are genetically identical. The foreign genes pilot these organisms to generate a particular protein which can then be detached from the host, decontaminated and applied elsewhere.

For example, those afflicted with diabetes are absent of the gene responsible for the creation of insulin. DNA genes that are held accountable for the manufacture of insulin can be pooled with the genes of a virus which is known to infect the bacterium, such as E. Coli. This virus, containing the recombined DNA, is then injected into the E. Coli, and is initiated by the new-fangled DNA to compose human insulin. Since E. Coli reproduces rapidly and asexually, colossal quantities of indistinguishable human insulin can be created. This insulin can then be removed, sanitized, and employed to care for those with diabetes.

Another medicinal practice of this method is the conception of transgenic animals...