Religious scepticism about the 'teleological argument'.

Essay by TheHorgUniversity, Bachelor'sC, February 2004

download word file, 8 pages 4.6 2 reviews

Downloaded 150 times

Religion has always been a topic that has been discussed at great length. When people speak about Religion or Religious belief they are normally referring to the belief in the existence of God or gods. Religion does not necessarily mean a belief in God, people who dedicate their lives to a cause, such as the relief of human suffering, are said to be religious toward the ending of suffering. This essay is concerned with the justification of a religious belief in the existence of God. As most theistic religions (Christianity, Mohammedanism and Judaism) have the presupposition that a God exists, we have to ask the question: ?Does God exist?? Many different philosophers have responded to this question in various ways. There are various arguments that try to deal with the existence of God a few of these are 1) the ontological argument, 2) the cosmological argument, and 3) the teleological argument.

The ontological argument is one which states that God is ?that being that which nothing greater can be conceived.? For him to be the greatest conceivable being he would need to exist to be the ?greatest?. The cosmological argument appears in varying forms, two of the main ones are the causal argument and the argument from dependency. Causal argument is that everything requires a cause or explanation this can only be explained by God. Whereas the argument from dependency argues that everything in the universe is a contingent being which depends on something else for its existence; when the line of dependency is traced back it can only lead to God who is said to be a ?self-existent? or nondependent being . The teleological argument is also know as the design argument; everything in nature is well suited for it use and must have been designed by some...