Report on Italy

Essay by jamiej April 2004

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The country of Italy has a developed democracy; the form of government used is the Republic. There are three branches of government, federal, national, and state. The three branches on the federal level are the executive branch, legislative branch, and judicial branch. The top branch is the executive branch. The executive branch consists of the President, the Prime Minister, and the Council of Ministers. The next branch of government is the legislative branch. The legislative branch consists of a bicameral Parliament that includes the Senate, and Chamber of Deputies. The final branch of the federal government is the judicial branch. The judicial branch consists of the 15 member Constitutional Court. The legal system is based on civil law with judicial review. (website CIA-The World Fact book) Their constitution was written on January 1, 1948. During World War II Italy went from a fascist dictatorship led by Mussolini in 1943, back to a monarchy in 1946, and became a Republic by a popular referendum on June 2, 1946.

(Gunn, 1971: 209) (Smith, 1959:487)

The executive branch consists of the chief of state, President of the Republic Carlo Azeglio Ciampi elected May 13, 1999, head of government, Prime Minister, and President of the Council of Ministers Silvio Berlusconi (Forza Italia), Foreign Affairs minister Renato Ruggiero (Independent), Interior minister Claudio Scajola (Forza Italia), Justice minister Roberto Castelli (Northern League), Economy and Finance minister Giulio Tremonti (Forza Italia), Defense minister Antonio Martino (Forza Italia), Transportation minister Pietro Lunardi (independent), Environment minister Altero Matteoli (National Alliance), Agricultural Policy and Forestry minister Giovanni Alemanno (National Alliance), Communications minister Maurizio (National Alliance), Productive Activities minister Antonio Marzano (Forza Italia), Welfare, Labor, and Social Policy minister Roberto Maroni (Northern League), Health minister Gerolamo Sirchia (Independent), and Culture Heritage and Activities minister Giuliano Urbani (Forza Italia). The departments under...