Response to the text, "Animal Farm".

Essay by aznbrothersyJunior High, 9th gradeD+, August 2003

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Written Response on Animal Farm

Animal farm, known as one of the great anti-totalitarian novel during the World War II by George Orwell, successfully conveys his criticism upon Communism. George Orwell was the pen name of an English writer, Eric Blair. His first book, Down and Out in Paris and London, was published under his pseudonym in 1933; largely autobiographical in nature, it told about living among the poor. Since the book was not a financial success, he supplemented his writing income by teaching school. His next two published books were novels. Burmese Days, published in 1934, was based upon his experiences in Burma, and A Clergyman's Daughter, published in 1935, was based upon his teaching experience. By 1935, Orwell had essentially become a political writer and novelist and was largely able to earn a living from his literary efforts.

A novel, 1984 attacks the idea of totalitarian communism by painting a terrifying picture of a world in which personal freedom is nonexistent.

Animal Farm deals with similar themes but in shorter and somewhat simpler format. He uses animals on an English farm to tell the history of Soviet communism. Certain animals are based directly on Communist Party leaders: the pigs Napoleon and Snowball, for example, are figurations of Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky, respectively.

The novel is set in Herefordshire, where Orwell lived, wrote, tended his garden, and kept poultry. Though the setting is the South of England, it is not stressed in the story, but serves only as a background. The farm lends a perfect rural, pastoral, and nostalgic backdrop for Old Major's dream.

The novel starts with a description of Mr. Jones. The owner of Manor Farm, has not been a very responsible farmer. Of late, he has taken to drinking and tends to neglect his...