Role Of Government

Essay by EssaySwap ContributorCollege, Undergraduate February 2008

download word file, 8 pages 5.0

It is important to understand that the Supreme Court has total discretion over whether they will hear a case or not. There are three critical principles the Supreme Court views to decide if a case is valid enough to be reviewed. First the person who is involved must have a standing or vested interest in the particular case. ?The traditional requirement for standing has been to show injury to oneself; that injury can be personal, economic, or even aesthetic (Ginsberg 596).? Therefore, a person should have material interests that are directly involved with the outcome of the case. Secondly the Supreme Court will only look at cases which reveal controversies involving conflicting decisions based on other cases or deal with important notions such as civil rights or civil liberties. Finally, the cases must have relevance or what the Supreme Court refers to as mootness. If a person dies before he appears in court then the case can be thrown out.

Furthermore, if the facts have changed or the problem has been resolved over time then the case will be put to rest. If these three criterions are met than the Supreme Court will hear a case when four of the nine Supreme Court Justices agree to hear the case.

2. In the long run a policy that does not have support of the people will never survive and be brought to the political agenda. Therefore, lobbyists become the key influential policy makers for the public. They motivate and connect people and businesses toward their government. Individuals and businesses pay vast sums of money to lobbyists to try to convince the congress and president the favored policies among the public. Their primary function is to meet with members of congress and provide a framework for what the people want. The lobbyists...