"A Romance of the Republic" by Lydia Maria Child.

Essay by lx_962High School, 12th gradeA, June 2003

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A Romance of the Republic, written by Lydia Maria Child, is an intriguing novel which

reflects certain predominant 19th-century views about racism, patriarchy, and class status. One

aspect of this story that is unique is the constant use of a flower motif, through which the reader

is drawn into a Paradise that is fantastically created, an Eden that is not limited in its range of

vision due to the wealth, class, nationality, and color of its individuals, but rather embraces

the many hues and varieties of life that any beautiful and perfect garden must possess. Although

one could argue that this utopia is never obtainable, Ms. Child successfully demonstrates that a

society can be egalitarian, not constructed on class consciousness and struggle, but rather based

on the framework of the Constitution, which states that all people are created equal, with unity

for all being the ultimate goal. These beliefs in equality are demonstrated through the strategic

use of class where the aristocratic faction should not have more value than their lower class

counterpoints. They are also reflected in the novel's use of racial crossing, where many varieties

of people, including the pivotal octoroon sisters, Rosa and Flora, can have many potential colors

and racial identities. Finally, the egalitarian beliefs are evidenced in cultural differences, where a

society can only evolve into a more splendid creation when it derives sustenance from many

groups and resources.

The fact that this book deals with the aristocracy at all turns presents an excellent

summation on the beliefs that money and prestige are not always used just for the purpose of

keeping the lower classes down, but can be used for the good of all peoples if the wealthy are

willing to share their good fortune. The characters of Mr. King, Mr. Blumenthal, and...