Essay by buttmunch1288High School, 11th gradeA+, May 2006

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Schizophrenia is one of the most common mental illnesses. Approximately 1 to 2 percent of the world's population develops this disease with in their life time. The syndrome was first described as a single disorder by German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin. Schizophrenia is a chronic disease that can possibly happen to anyone, it has no boundaries. It has many symptoms and subtypes to go along with it. When diagnosing schizophrenia the patient has to have the disease for at least six months. The best treatment for the disease is a rehabilitation model.

In 1896 Emil Kraeplin had discovered 'dementia praecox', which means intellectual deterioration in early adulthood. He divided the disease into four subtypes: simple, which is marked by apathy and social with drawl, paranoid, which is an attendant fear and delusions, hebephrenic and catatonic, which were characterized by a lack of movement and expression. Later in the 20th century a Swiss psychiatrist, Eugen Bleuler renamed the disease schizophrenia.

He felt that dementia praecox did not serve well as a name and all of Kraeplin's research had not been exactly proven. Bleuler also had a new way to define schizophrenia. He split it into his four A's; Affect would refer to the moderate emotional responses, loosening of Associations which referred to the disordered pattern of thoughts, Ambivalence which referred inability to make decisions, and finally Autism which was a loss of awareness to external events. All of the early physiatrist's research was a beginning to this broad mental illness with various characteristics.

Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disease. The major disabilities of this disease occur in the area of thinking, feeling and behavior. People with schizophrenia suffer from symptoms of delusions, hallucinations, thought disorder, loss of boundaries, inappropriate emotional expression as well as behavior, loss of social interest...