Essay by senemcCollege, UndergraduateA-, October 2009

download word file, 11 pages 0.0

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder affecting many families around the world. This psychosis emerges from the brain causing structural disturbances leading to different symptoms associated with the disorder. People with this disorder lack the ability to talk properly, remember certain things and also act appropriately. Even though schizophrenia cannot be cured, there are different approaches in treating this disorder to enable the person to have a fulfilling life. The treatment is usually medications, which carry the risk of relapse. Medication in combination with therapy has showed significant differences leading to lower risk of relapse. The treatment processes reveal different outcomes. The psychosocial treatments include case management, social skills training, vocational rehabilitation, individual therapy, family therapy, and cognitive therapy. Although there are different approaches in preventing relapse in schizophrenia, research has shown that cognitive therapy, along with the medications, to have the most positive findings, which include reduction of the risk of relapse and symptoms.

Case management is a relatively new approach that deals with schizophrenic patients to be a part of the community. This program, also known as the community treatment program, aims to help the patients satisfy their needs in order to function normally in the community. As Mueser suggests, the goal of this program help the patients at a possibility for reassertion by giving them roles in the community (38). This approach seems effective because it helps the patients be a part of their environment and feel like they are welcomed in the community. Bustillo states that this program is not the most effective therapy system since "many patients with schizophrenia lack the level of cognitive and social competence" to keep up with the program and follow through with their case manager and keep their needs met. Because of the lack of competence, the patients are at...