The Significance of the Parthenon

Essay by margaretlane1College, Undergraduate October 2014

download word file, 3 pages 0.0

Downloaded 1 times

Built in a time of radical new ideas in science, beauty, government and the role of the common individual, the Parthenon represents the ideologies of Ancient Greece at the height of it's power. From it's design and construction, to its use by both ancient Athenians and later cultures, the Parthenon serves as one of the best examples of what humans are capable of achieving.

Figure 1


Killikrates and Ikentinos built the Parthenon from 447-432 BCE. It is a Doric temple, with eight columns on each façade, and seventeen columns on the flanks, as well as six Ionic columns between the outer colonnade and the entrance to the cella and opisthodomos. The Parthenon was built as a home for Phidias's sculpture of Athena; the patron Goddess of Athens.

Significant Architectural Elements and Details of The Parthenon

Vitruvius wrote in his book that architects would have had to been skilled in the fields of optics and acoustics, as well as engineers and mathematicians.

Figure 2

For example; the corner columns were slightly larger than all the rest and set closer...