Essay by PaperNerd ContributorCollege, Undergraduate April 2001

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1. ?Artifacts indicate that Paleo-Indians were the first to enter North America-the first Americans.? The Paleo-Indians migrated into America by way of Beringia. They had just come from northeastern Asia and they were going through present-day Alaska.

2. Some societies of the early Native Americans were: Olmec, Maya, Foltec, and Aztec. In the present-day southwestern United States the societies were: Hohokam, Mogollon, and Anasazi. In North America there were the sophisticated mound builders, they were called the Adena and the Hopewell. These societies could also be called: Mesoamerican, Andean, early North American societies, Eastern and Midwestern North America, and the Mississippian culture. ?Olmec priests developed number and calendar systems, as well as a writing system of glyphs?? ?The Maya built more than 100 ceremonial centers containing magnificent stone bridges, palaces, and temple pyramids.? The Aztecs grew wealthy from trading gold, silver, jade, corn, and cocoa. The Incas constructed 64,000 miles of roads for traveling to be done quickly throughout the empire.?

The Hohokom and Mogollon were two of the first peoples in the present-day southwestern United States to develop agriculture.? They also built pit houses dug many feet into the ground for protection from temperature extremes. The Anasazi developed pueblos, or above ground dwellings. They also developed Cliffside dwellings. ?The Adena culture buried honored individuals, along with much of their wealth, in dome shaped mounds.? The Hopewell also made burial mounds, which were actually 30 or 40 feet. The Mississippian culture grew maize, beans, squash, pumpkins, and tobacco.

3. Native Americans built pueblos, Cliffside dwellings, and pit houses. Pueblos are above ground dwellings made with straw, adobe, cut stone, and sun-baked clay. Cliffside dwellings were built for defense. Pit houses were houses dug several feet into the ground for protection from temperature extremes. ? North America?s eastern regions remained forested...