Sparta - in comparison with Greek

Essay by bu5t3rUniversity, Bachelor's January 2004

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Sparta was one of the states in Greek. "... although Sparta has one of the smallest populations, it has become the most powerful and famous of all Greeks states, ..." (Xenophon The Politeia1 of the Spartans Extracts 1). Sparta focused in military. Everything in Sparta was for military purposes. Lycurgus was the man who made the laws in Sparta and his life history was uncertain (Xenophon The Politeia1 of the Spartans Extracts 1). Sparta had contrary rules with other Greeks. The most important features in Sparta were women, education, and the Ephors. These features influenced the life of Sparta. There are advantages and disadvantages in these features. Firstly, I will discuss women and followed by education and the Ephors.

Women in Sparta had different lifestyle with other Greeks women. "Lycurgus felt that slave girls were perfectly capable of producing garments, and that the most important job of free women was to bear children" (Xenophon The Politeia1 of the Spartans Extracts 1).

It means that Spartan women didn't have to do housework and slave girls would take over all the housework. Spartan women had physical training that was same with men because strong mother would produce strong offspring (Powell 1988; 243). Sparta women were expected to bear a lot of good quality children to keep the strength of Sparta to defense from enemy because Sparta had the smallest population in Greek (Cartledge 2002; 162). Lycurgus made a law to support that. "For they have a law by which the father of three sons is exempt from military service, and the father of four from all taxes" (Aristotle Politics Extracts 1270). It means that if they had a lot of children, their life would be easier and better. "He realized old men with young wives tend to be particularly jealous, and...