State and Case Law Relationship

Essay by littlejUniversity, Master'sA, April 2006

download word file, 6 pages 5.0


In humanity, we have parameters that exist that govern our behavior. These parameters are laws. Some laws that states most uphold for the people and employers in their cities in which they reside. While employers have to respect their employees civil rights, on-the-job pertaining to race, age, gender, disability and religion. In the paper, we will discuss some of title v11 cases where employers have violated the employees' civil rights.


Title VII's prohibitions apply regardless of whether the discrimination is directed at Whites, Blacks, Asians, Latinos, Arabs, Native Americans, Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders, multi-racial individuals, or person of any other race, color, or ethnicity.

A federal judge awarded 17 white police officers from Milwaukee Police Department $2.2 million in compensatory and punitive damages and an additional $1.5 million to compensate for loss of higher salaries they would have earned had they been promoted fairly. The jury found that Chief Jones, who is an African American, discriminated-based on race when he did not promote the white officers to the rank of captain.

In April 2005, the jury found that the group as a whole was passed over for promotions 144 times in favor of less qualified minority candidates.

The current Police Chief Nannette Hegerty has promoted several of the plaintiffs to captain and the others retired or received lower damage awards. Others remained lieutenants and have dropped their initial demands for promotions. During the trial, Jones

the previous chief testified, "openings for captains weren't posted, that there were no specific criteria for the job-no specialized training or minimum experience - and no interview process" reported by, Milwaukee News. The system was in place before Jones became chief. Jones denied discriminating against anyone and he pointed out that more than half of his promotions to captain were white men.