The Struggle For Civil Rights In America

Essay by serjmolkoHigh School, 10th gradeB-, December 2003

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1. a) Abraham Lincoln - (1809-65) Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. He believed slavery was wrong and encouraged the North America to fight for the freedom of slaves.

b) Frederick Douglas - A runaway who wrote a book about his life as a slave and became active in the fall of slavery.

c) Rosa Parks - On December 1st, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the city bus. This was a big deal because black people had to give their seat up for white people so Parks made a start of something big. She was called the 'Mother of the Civil Rights Movement'.

d) Malcolm X - A man converted to that Black Muslim religion. The 'X' in his name was to get rid of the white slave name given to him. Malcolm X was a speaker for the dreams of race pride and Black Nationalism.

He was assassinated in 1965.

e) Louis Farrakhan - He is an American religious leader, Head of the Nation of Islam. He organized the Million-Man March in 1995 in Washington. 1000's of black people vowed to make better of their family, community and responsibility.

f) Booker T. Washington - (1865-1915) He was an American educator who encouraged black people to better educate themselves and through the economy.

g) Marcus Garvey - (1887-1940) An American supporter of Black Nationalism. He urged Black Americans to be proud of themselves and wanted them to return to Africa.

2. Abolitionists - To get rid of something for good. The legal extinction of Negro slavery.

Emancipation Proclamation - A statement saying that all slaves are to be free from any kind of restraint. Abraham Lincoln ordered this on January 1st 1863.

Segregation - To separate certain things from one another.