Study Notes AP class

Essay by wiltyHigh School, 10th gradeA, May 2004

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v Portuguese set up factories

v Gold

v Exchanged euro goods for slaves, ivory, pepper, skins

v Portuguese-Spanish conversions

v Slave trade increased with sugar plantations in America and brazil

v Slave mortality rates were up, birth rates were down which led to exports of slaves

v Both Africans and Europeans controlled slave trade

v Triangular trade

v Slave trade led to growing capitalism

v Africa was non egalitarian

v Excess of women led to polygamy, harems, and a lower status of women

v Sudanic states had Muslim slaves, but it was illegal religiously, helped in gold mining and salt

v Preexisting trade allowed Euro's to tap into roots

v Gun trade- led to African state expansion à more African slave trade

v Small warring fragmented states led to warfareà a emergence of soldier as important social type (rose in status)

v Hierarchy increased but common people were self sufficient and anti-authoritarian

v East coast-Swahili coast, traded over Indian Ocean, merchants set up plantations on offshore islandsà slave trade, Muslims tried to eliminate pagans, rise in literacy, religious, political, economic motivesà upheavalà slave trade

v South end didn't have slave trade, mixed farming and pastoralism, agriculture, herding

v Dutch East India Company-made colony at Cape of Good Hope, led to expansionà led to wars with Sans and Khoikhoi

v as many as one-third of the African captives intended for slavery died before reaching the coastal ports.

Mortality of sea voyage from Africa to the New World at 18 percent. The Middle Passage was a traumatic experience, but kept their indigenous culture.

v American society based on ethnicity and race, whites at the top of the social hierarchy, slaves at the bottom, and free men and women of color in an intermediary position. In slave community, African elite continued to exercise authority...