Subject: Negotiations Title: The US Opposition to the Establishment of International Criminal Court

Essay by yyausts06University, Bachelor'sA+, March 2009

download word file, 9 pages 5.0

Downloaded 27 times

IntroductionThe International Criminal Court is the very important institution, which should become the mean of struggling with such crimes as genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, and many countries supported that idea, but the US took position against it. The aim of this paper is the application of several concepts from the course of the negotiation to the situation with the establishment of the International Criminal Court and the US opposition to it. In particular, this paper will talk about the background information, discuss the interests of the US, which will explain their position regarding the Court and not ratifying the Statute, the approach America used in the process of negotiation, intra-party negotiation and how it influenced the country's position.

BackgroundLooking at the history helps to understand that the establishment of the International Criminal Court was the world's attempt to deal with the crimes against humanity. This decision was made after the Second World War, but just in the end of the 20th century many countries of the world were really ready to create a permanent International Criminal Court.

"After initial efforts toward the realization of such a court in the 1950s, the idea was put on hold, only to be revived in 1989" (Zwanenburg, 1999, p. 125). In this year the work on the Court was resumed and in 1994 there was a complete draft for the Statute. 4 years later, in 1998, the international agreement on the establishment of the ICC, known as the Rome Statute (or treaty), was signed in Rome by 120 nations, but the United States along with several other countries didn't sign it. (Magliveras, Bourantonis, 2003). However, the US signed it in 2000, but in 2002 the country decided that it has no any legal obligations to the court and "unsigned"...