The Synoptic Problem in the New Testament Gospels

Essay by geoffreykunCollege, UndergraduateA-, March 2004

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The synoptic problem is the basis of historical critical scholarship of the gospels. As a result, the solution to the synoptic problem will influence "one's redaction criticism, and form criticism of the gospels as well as affect the quest for the historical Jesus, early church history, and even the text of the gospels"(Carlson). And the synoptic problem is an examination into the existence and nature of the literary interrelationship among the first three "synoptic" gospels, which are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and in the contrast with John. And the synoptic gospels "share a great number of parallel accounts and parables, arranged in mostly the same order, and told with many of the same words"(Carlson).

And, each of those gospels has different perspectives of the events, but the first three gospels have similar Style and Wording. Also, many of small particular problems will be doesn't make senses when people to read those gospels.

It is because that different writer to write their writing is for people class or level people to read. And I also think that those different perspectives will cause people have skeptical to the Holy Bible and it's accurately. For example, in the court cases, it is very common for eyewitnesses to record varying testimony about the same incident.

However, those four Gospels have different styles and details of the events, it is because of each may have a different perspective of the event, or even a different purpose in recording the events of Christ's life. And we can use the example of the Jesus' Baptism to explain the synoptic problem in the New Testament gospels. This is evident in the accounts of Jesus' baptism found in Matthew 3:13-17, Mark 1:9-11, Luke 3:32-33, and John 1"29-32; each of the four views include different details, but similar context, and...