"Team" and the organization

Essay by zhangluyangUniversity, Master's March 2004

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Part I Introduction

Work groups are the basic building blocks of an organization. Groups contribute to organizational effectiveness when group goals are aligned with organizational goals, team is a specific type of groups. In most organizations today formal groups may consist of employees who are responsible for an identifiable work process, a specific project, or a problem that need solving, often called "team" (1). Team has the potential to dramatically affect an organization's performance.

In recent years, teams have emerged as the most important group phenomenon in organizations. The term "team" is not new to organizations, and teamwork has been stressed throughout the year. Today, teams are becoming increasingly popular, so how to improve and enhance the performance of the teams in organizations is an important topic to organizations. Moreover, many organizations have successful used teams in working, let's illustrate some effectiveness and ineffectiveness of teams in organizations.

Part II Methodology

The methodologies for this assignment are as follow;

1.I have learned some topics about "groups and teams" in many textbooks (refer to

Bibliography), I try to know how to improve the performance of teams in organizations.

2.I have read some cases in books and magazines (refer to Appendices ) about

Effectiveness teams in organization, I try to know why teams are effective in organizations.

Part III Theories of Work Groups and Teams

3.1 The meaning of a group

A group is two or more employees who interact with each other in such a manner that the behavior and / or performance of a member are influenced by the behavior and / or performance of other members.

3.2 Types of groups

There are many types of groups in organizations, and each type plays an important role in determining organizational effectiveness. Groups may be loosely categorized according to their...