Thinking and Decision Making

Essay by whizbangUniversity, Bachelor's August 2009

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Critical Thinking is a universal and timeless approach to making decisions. There are several styles that encompass critical thinking, every person taking their unique approach and signature to this process. Though critical thinking styles do vary, the outcomes are basically the same. The different types of critical thinking are logical, scientific and persuasive. When critical thinking is used one can see a problem and clearly develop a direction to go. When one can envision what the probable outcome of a decision can be, he/she will then have a clearer view of the best possible solution. Through one form or another, decisions must be made and problems need to be solved. These different types of critical thinking can, and should be, applied in any occupation. Schooling as well as organizations, stress the importance of efficient critical thinkers as stated in this article from the Journal of Nursing Education, "The importance of critical thinking is being recognized in Korea with innovative approaches, such as new curricula and teaching methods, being introduced in nursing".

Logical thinking involves inductive and deductive thinking. Inductive logic is based on observations and learned experience. From the evidence gathered, a likely conclusion will be met. For example, homeowners are more liable to make mistakes on first loans, whereas with their second, they gather the experience needed to make the correct choices. Deductive thinking is a reasoning that has a foundation of facts that lead to a valid and natural conclusion. These are facts proven to be true statements time after time. For example, if a ball is thrown into the air it will come down, because whatever goes up must, at some point, come down.

Work provides some of the most evident examples of critical thinking. In the Army, Joey uses logical thinking for every mission. He...