Time-Line of Germany

Essay by Gidz.08High School, 10th gradeA+, January 2008

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1510: Peter Henlein invents the pocket watch1510: Jews were expelled from Colmar, Germany and in Berlin, 38 Jews were burned at stake1517: Martin Luther puts forth his 95 Thesis in Wittenberg (Protestant Reformation)1519: There was a public debate between Martin Luther and theologian John Eck; University of Leuven condemned the teachings of Rev. Martin Luther1520: King Carlos I crowned as Holy Roman Empirer Charles V1521: Diet of Worms addresses Martin Luther and the effects on the Protestant Reformation; Pope Leo X excommunicated Martin Luther from the Roman Catholic Church1522: The Knights' War; Pope Adrian VI consecrated; Martin Luther completed his translation of the New Testament into German1524: The Peasants' War; Martin Luther and Johann Walther produced jointly a German hymnal: "Geistliche Lieder."1525: The ruling class and church crushed the German peasants’ revolt; Martin Luther married Katherine von Bora, a former nun, "to spite the devil."1527: German and Spanish troops under Charles V began sacking Rome, bringing about the end of the Renaissance; the University of Marburg was founded.

It is the oldest Protestant University in Germany1530: Augsburg Emperor Karel I demanded the Edict of Worms1534: Regensburg Cathedral, Germany, was completed after 259 years of work1552: France signed a secret treaty with German Protestants1540: First stock exchanges developed1544: The University of Konigsberg was founded1546: Schmalkalden War begins1555: The Religious Peace of Augsburg1558: The Hamburg exchange was founded.

1569: Gerard Mercator invents Mercator map projection1574: The Univ. of Berlin was founded1595: Johannes Kepler’s geometric solid construction of universe1608: Establishment of the Protestant Union; Hans Lippershey invents the first refracting telescope1609: Formation of the Catholic League; the 1st newspaper was published in Germany; Johannes Kepler publishes Astronomia nova (investigation of the motion of Mars)1614: Vincent Fettmich expelled Jews from Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany1618: Thirty Years' War1621: In Germany potatoes, native to the Andes, were...