Tourism impacts on environment, economy and society

Essay by phit91University, Bachelor'sB, September 2009

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As the world changes very fast day by day, people tend to work harder and that leads to their requirements of good services for relaxing afterwards. Tourism starts to grow rapidly from this situation.

In tourism, the tourism destination plays a crucial role in satisfying customer demand. The destination, in which attracts them with its "pull" factor the most combining with arrange of support resources - accommodation, amenities, accessibility and the general services as well as beauty spots that are available, will be the winner.

Tourism has three impacts - environmental, economic and socio-cultural so it is very tough to control and balance these impacts in order to have an sustainable international tourism development.

I.Tourism1.The Tourism SystemThe term "system" is defined as elements that work together. If an element in the system does not work, it leads to the whole failure system.

The tourism system comprises of three main elements: People, The Geographical Elements and The Tourism Industry.

People here are the tourists and the excursionists. The Geographical Elements include Traveller generating region, Tourist destination region and Transit route region. The Tourism Industry consists a range of businesses and organisations, which involved in delivering the tourism products.

2.Definition of TourismThe United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) define tourism as it comprises the activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited.

Three criteria are used simultaneously in order to characterise a trip as belonging to tourism. The displacement must be such that:• It involves a displacement outside the usual environment;• Type of purpose: the travel must occur for any purpose different from being remunerated from within the...