Turkey in or out

Essay by sabboontuHigh School, 10th gradeB-, October 2014

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Turkey: in or out

A debate that has been going on more recently on media and Internet is Turkey' s EU membership. Turkey applied for membership in 1959 to the European Economic Community, which was the predecessor of European Union. They had proceeded into the agreed signing, called the Ankara agreement, where the aiming was to enter a customs union and eventually a membership. Additionally a first financial protocol to the initial agreement was also signed. This happened in 1963, further on in 1970 they established the additional protocol and also the second financial protocol.

These events were important for the progress of turkey's accession negotiations, which started October 2005. EU has put certain criteria or law to follow and implement in order to eventually establish full membership. I will bring up this criterion below.

》stable institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities.

》a functioning market economy and the capacity to cope with competition and market forces in the EU

》the ability to take on and implement effectively the obligations of membership,

including adherence to the aims of political, economic and monetary union.

The first requirement demands that the country should have a stable institution guaranteeing democracy etc. Starting off with stability, the country is known to have an secular state, where religion have no base. This republic state which runs by the Kemalist ideology ( Mustafa Kemal Ataturk the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey) has a structure where the army has a status as the heritors and defenders of the secular state. This army has been at several times removed or used coups against the government when it felt that it contradicted the secular state or the ideology of Kemal. The first coup was in 1960,