U.S. Borders in the Twenty-First Century

Essay by redlinegsxrUniversity, Bachelor'sA, April 2004

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A border security bill presented in May of 2002 boosts the pay of border patrol agents as well as authorizing the former Immigration and Naturalization Service to hire 200 new investigators and 200 inspectors ("House," 2002). It further requisites the old INS to establish a foreign-student tracking system that would make note of the acceptance of aliens by educational institutions (2002). It would also oversee the issuance of student visas as well as the enrollment of aliens at schools (2002). This new proposal comes in the wake of warnings about forthcoming attacks on the nation. While some involved in terrorism had resided in the U.S. for some time, and it is not easy to get a handle on terrorism as a whole, working the borders is prevalent to creating a safe nation. That is why there is a great deal of rhetoric surrounding the problem of lax border control in the United States today.

The problem of the border is significant in looking at the ramifications of September 11th. Because the United States is a major target, the borders have to be scrutinized. Terrorist operatives are sometimes smuggled into the states from either Mexico or Canada (Emerson, 2000). Therefore, with the threat of criminals escaping to Canada for asylum, and the threat posed by operatives sneaking into the United States by getting past the Canadian border, the U.S. borders are certainly problematic. The Mexican border is even more vulnerable. Thus far, the authorities have not been able to effect a solution, in part because there is fighting between jurisdictions in terms of who will control international crime and breaches of the U.S. border. During the past decade, small initiatives have been implemented in respect to the borders, particularly in the south. Nonetheless, both political parties' won't effectively tackle this matter...