U.S. History Study Notes - Woodrow Wilson and World War I

Essay by thekingandqueen April 2009

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1.Identify the Espionage and Sedition Acts.

-Congress gave the president much power to suppress dissent-The Espionage Act (1917) and the Sedition Act (1918) outlawed opposition to the war and used the postal service and the Justice Department to catch offenders-the Post Office banned socialist magazines like The Masses and Catholic publications that advocated independence for Ireland-assumption is that foreigners bring alien ideas to the United States that could overpower democracy and capitalism-lead to the deportations of many people if they are not American citizens-schools ban teaching of German and towns ban German music from being played2. How were the lives of African Americans changed by the war?-as factories geared up for war production, corroborate managers shortage labor-the usual source of new workers (Europe) was obviously not available-employers found a ready supply in the South-in some northern cities, African-American migrants were arriving at a rate of a thousand per week-the massive movement of African Americans from the rural South to the urban North and West that began during World War I came to be called the Great Migration-could register to vote in the north, as they could not vote in the south-between 1917 and 1919 - outbreak of racial riots (both in north and south)-in addition there were labor riots and much lynching-NYC movement of black nationalism (blacks taking more pride in own cultural identity) - recognize and celebrate common black identity-the Harlem Renaissance comes out of this-administration hires Creel to unleashes public speakers to go around giving speeches supporting the war-pamphlets were passed around trying to support the war effort-propaganda newspaper was established-government controlled prices and labor unions are encouraged to not engage in any labor unrest or strikes that could endanger the war effort-culmination of progressivism - whole idea of social control by using the government-Wilson authorized...