U.S. Supreme Court and the Impact of Sentencing

Essay by EssaySwap ContributorUniversity, Bachelor's February 2008

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Probation is a sentence much like prison incarceration, but is a conditional release where there are rules and regulations to demonstrate or prove that their convicted behavior will not continue. There are conditions, rules, and regulations which are set up to assist the offender in regulating their progress to protect the community from further bad behavior. The main way a probationer is regulated is by demonstrating productivity. This is generally done by proof of work dependability, scholastic progress, paying child support, complying by court ordered sanctions, no further convictions, the absence of drugs in their physical system, remaining in a specific location, and maintaining a good relationship with the probation agency. The agency is determined by the location and decision of the judge mandating the sentence of probation.

Many conditions of parole are systematically similar but many are specific to the convicted crime that a person was convicted. An example of this is a convicted bank robber having the probation condition of maintaining the grounds of a bank.

This has been traditionally at the dissension of the judge overseeing the probationer.

During the era of President Regan and the Republican rule, an enactment of making the probationers contribute to the cost of their programs was injected into the system of probation. Although supervision costs were traditionally less than $50.00 a month, this form of probation helped in the five ways which listed below: 1. The tax payer does not have to pay the cost of the $1,500.00 a month or more for incarceration.

2. The offender is assisting the community / self / family through probation conditions 3. The person is adding to the tax base by paying taxes through outside work and not consuming the funds.

4. The probationers are assisting with the finances of the regulatory services which...