Understanding Memory

Essay by liquid13College, UndergraduateA, November 2004

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Memory is one of the most puzzling parts of the brain. How can our brain store

more information and thoughts than an encyclopedia and weigh less then three pounds?

The brain gives us the ability to act on our own. To think, say, and do things we want to

do all occur because of our brain. The brain controls our movement, our thoughts, and our

memory. Memory, the process of storing and retrieving information in the brain, consists

of three main types, short-term, long-term, and ancestral all which can be comparred

between genders.

Memory is the process of storing and retrieving information in the brain. It has

three main functions: recording, storing, and recalling. One records information in the

brain by permanently putting it into memory for later retrieval. Most people decide what is

important to record and what is not. Storing information in the brain is conducted so

information can be retrieved and compacted for later use.

Recalling is remembering the

stored information. Memory adapts to peoples needs and is a necessary for our way of

life (Yesavag 21). Memory decides how long to store something depending on the event.

The information it stores is called traces or chunks and is stored in the deep temporal lobe,

mid-brain, medial temporal lobe and other various places. Later these traces or chunks are


There are four types of remembering. Recall, recollection, recognition, and

relearning. Recall is remembering something from the past. Recollection involves

reconstruction of events based on cues that serve as reminders. Recognition is

remembering that refers to the ability to correctly identify previous encountered stimuli as

familar. And relearning is material learned a second time. Relearning is the best evidence

of memory because when something is learned again it is familiar and seems like it was

known before.