Urbanization Trends

Essay by serpintinabloodCollege, UndergraduateA+, November 2008

download word file, 1 pages 3.0

Nigeria has grown and changed over the past decades. Many reasons the growth has taken place is due to the oil boom of the 1970s. Massive improvements to roads were made and the availability of vehicles drew in more people. During this time Abakaliki was transformed from a small settlement to what is now the capital city of Ebonyi State. (Smith, 2006)These growths cause many problems in different areas. One of these was the decay of the municipal waste department. It is stated in an article," It has been established that about 36 percent of the population live in urban areas, and the rate is increasing rapidly." (Daily Trust, 2003)With the growth of 16 to 20 percent a year by 2010 the urban population will be expected to be more than 40 percent of the nation's total. What this means is that by 2010, 40 percent of the total number of people that live in Nigeria will be living in urban areas.

Many of the major cities have a manufacturing sector that is growing. This includes textile mills, steel plants, car assembly plants, and financial institutions. There are also large offices and apartment complexes along with a variety of small business, many of which are in the slum areas. The density and variety of housing distinguishes life in the city from that of the countryside. This ranges from overcrowding and enormous poverty for most, to wealthy suburbs and guarded enclaves for the upper classes.

The biggest example of urban growth in Nigeria would be in Lagos. This is Nigeria's most important commercial center. It was built on poorly drained marshlands and during the rainy season the city commonly has flooding issues. This city has made some progress in changing but due to economic problems it has been a slow...