US mexico border culture and economy history.

Essay by sweetcornloverUniversity, Master'sB, March 2005

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Discuss the ways in which the history of border societies has been shaped by the economic relationship between Mexico and the U.S. Evaluate the positive and negative outcomes of this for both countries.

The U.S Mexico border region before the 1800's was a barren expanse of land that stretched between two oceans. Before this time there was little or no natural resources to promote or aid any kind of large population settlement, '[...] it was characterised by small autonomous, local communities economically and politically independent of each other.' The areas first real population build up began in 1546 when silver was discovered in Zacatecas. The area although envied by foreign states that were vying for power in the north stayed in Spanish hands and passed into the post Spanish rule of The Republic of Mexico. The area since the 1800's has become a hotbed of political, social, nationality and trade issues.

The aim of this work is to follow the timeline from Mexican independence through to N.A.F.T.A and up to modern day. This work will give most treatment to the foundations of the border societies. It may seem perverse that the main body of this work is not dedicated to N.A.F.T.A but as the Maquila phenomenon can be seen as yet another boom on the border and is as fragile as the prohibition vice tourism boom. Events could conspire to end N.A.F.T.A and the Maquila industry such as a switch to a location other than the Border region or for manufacture robotic technology to become so cheap that the assembly plants would be more cost effective to be ran in the U.S. We shall also see through the examples cited in this work that in the main it is issues on the U.S. side of the border that drives...