The use of Symbols in Macbeth

Essay by The BaronHigh School, 10th gradeA+, May 1996

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The Use of Symbols in Macbeth

In the play Macbeth, Shakespeare uses many symbols to add to his story. His use of

blood, water, light, dark, rampant animals, and even the witches are examples of how he used

symbols to add depth to his play. These symbols were often times recurring and they were all

related to the central plot of the play.

Shakespeare used blood in this play several times. Blood is first mentioned by Macbeth

shortly after he had slain Duncan. The subject of blood was introduced again when Duncan's

murder was brought up by Lady Macbeth, as well as others later in the play. In the

aforementioned circumstances, blood was used to symbolize the guilt, and pain that Macbeth

and his wife were experiencing as a by-product of the murderous rampage which consumed

Macbeth, and later drove Lady Macbeth to suicide.

If blood symbolized death, guilt, and pain, then surely water symbolized cleansing and

peace, and is used in this regard in many literary pieces.

In fact, even in the bible, Pontious

Pilate washed his hands in water after sentencing Jesus to be crucified. However, Macbeth

mentions that all of the water in the sea would turn red from the blood on his hands; which leads

me to the conclusion that blood was a much more powerful symbol than water in this play.

In Macbeth, light and dark was used in a classic sense. Light symbolized all that is

good, and it is no coincidence that when a scene included Banquo or another of the innocent

victims in this play, the setting was bright. On the other hand, when a scene involved murder or

the supernatural, such as the scenes involving the witches, a dark setting was used.

The strange acting animals which were spoken...