From Village Life to City 8000-3000B.C.

Essay by Adam LakeCollege, UndergraduateA, November 1996

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Over the years of history, there have been many civilizations. And in our report We will look at the earliest civilization. of all civilizations known to man. From Village to City began in 8000BC and spanned all the way into 3000BC. Throughout this report we will look at the 6 key features of this civilization as outlined in our classroom discussions, and hope to convey what we have learned in a useful, and interesting way .

The development of a city:

The first city to be built was Jericho, in the Middle East

Map: This map is a picture of what the division of land would have looked like in those times. Clearly identified here, it is possible to see Babylon, Ur, and Eridu.

© Microsoft Encarta '95. (Appendix 1).

. Sumer at this time evolved into the largest city-state, established by a people known as the Ubaidians. The With the development of thea city, this aallowed for rapid population growth due to the abundance of food.

Sheep, goat

and pigs had been originally domesticated for use as food, not as sources of clothing. The main economic activity during this time was trade and barter. Obsidian, a volcanic glass was fashioned into razor sharp tools and weapons. It was also used as trade. People who lived near Obsidian deposits often risked their lives to collect it and eventually barter it off for food or money. Obsidian comes from volcanoes and was a kind of glass, the only of the times. The value of Obsidian was great, and so therefore was the supply and demand. Salt, ore, copper, and soapstone were accepted trade materials around 8000BC. Most of the Village to City civilization took place during the copper age, when copper was mined and used for many purposes. Trade developed between...