Why the Germans Lost and why It took the Allies so Long to win

Essay by katib_1980 February 2011

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Why the Germans Lost and why It took the Allies so Long to win

The World War II began with Germany's attack on Poland in 1939 and ended with the attack on Japan's Hiroshima in 1945 with the atomic bomb. A number of battles were fought during these six years which led to success of the Allies and defeat of the Axis Powers. There are a number of causes of Germany's defeat in the World War II. Among these causes are some of very wrong decisions of Hitler which he took only because of his extreme overconfidence. Many writers are of the view that not accepting failure in Russia was Hitler's mistake. Hitler's big fault was that he believed in complete domination and complete destruction.

The reason behind why it took the Allies so long to win the war was the late entry of United States in the war.

When the war started, the US had maintained a neutral stance but as Japan stroked its Pearl Harbor on Dec 7, 1941, it decided to join forces of Allies. The German reaction to the troubles Britain posed was not to reconsider fundamental assumptions, but instead to reject there was a problem. Given his ideological approaches, Hitler's focus almost instantly after the defeat of France had turned to the Soviet Union. But the military's command had moved in that direction even faster than Hitler.

It was early July 1940 when German military commanders planned the invasion of the Soviet Union. The commanders who took part in the planning included army's commander in chief Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch and chief of staff General Franz Halder. They gave it the name Operation Barbarossa. According to Stolfi, "Hitler conceived the invasion of the Soviet Union as a complete surprise, out of peace into...