Why were Stalin's Five Year Plans necessary in the USSR?

Essay by adellybearHigh School, 11th gradeA+, February 2008

download word file, 9 pages 4.0

The Five Year plans set huge targets for industry and agriculture, and although those targets were not always met, they had a great effect on the USSR's industrialization and economy.The first five year plan (1928-1933) developed infrastructure and built new cities and industries in Central Russia. Th Second five year plan (1933-1938) was more realistic and got the development of metal industries and engineering power. The third five year plan was dominated by rearmament against Nazi threat and stopped by the Nazi invasion. The afterwar plans were mainly about reparations.

The Five Year Plans, done along with collectivization in 1929 seemed planned and perfectly done. In reality there are different views about whether the five year plans were necessary or not.

Stalin's view:" Do you want our Socialist fatherland to be beaten and to lose its independence? If you do not want this you must put an end to this backwardness as speedily as possible and develop genuine Bolshevik speed in building up the Socialist system of economy.

There are no other ways……We are fifty to a hundred years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this lag in ten years. Either we do it or they crush us."In 1924, the situation in the USSR was terrible for the peasants and the state in general. This was especially true when it came to agriculture. 80% of the population lived in the agricultural sector. The majority lived in primitive conditions and were very poor. The vast majority of the population was then unsatisfied. The farming methods were out of date and even the most productive peasants used backward methods.

The peasants were conservative and Stalin saw this as holding back progress. Industrial development could not occur because there was a lack of food to feed the workers. The...