William III and Mary II of England

Essay by ghettochickHigh School, 10th gradeB, April 2006

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William III and Mary II were very much favored by Parliament and the people of England. They agreed to not abuse their power instead of taking advantage of it like the Stuart Kings did. They protected the safety and welfare of the Protestant Kingdom they ruled. As a joint monarchy, William III and Mary II dethroned the Catholic King James II, and accepted the Bill of Rights which helped form the political government in England.

Before becoming king of England, William was a Dutch prince in the Netherlands. French and German armies were overrunning the Dutch provinces. On July 8, 1672, William was made supreme commander of the Union's armed forces. William then took action to stop the conquering of the Dutch provinces. He first captured back Naarden, and insisted to keep pushing the enemy out of his lands. He captured Gelederland, Utrecht, and Overijessel back from the French.

The French retreated and the coast was clear again of the enemy. In 1686 William then arranged an alliance with the Empires of Spain, Brandenburg, and Sweden for common defense if he ever needed them in the future.

On June 30, 1688, the English Protestant leaders, known as the Parliament, invited William and Mary to England with armed forces to dethrone their Catholic King James II. William and Mary agreed, and on November 1, 1688, William sailed out with 14,000 men to win the throne of England. When James heard of this horrible news, he immediately fled to France in fear. Parliament then offered the throne to William and Mary as a joint monarch of England.

William and Mary accepted the Declaration of Rights (later became a Bill). The Bill, made by Parliament, limited the power and control of taxation and legislation the king could have. In this Bill,