World's First Test-tube Baby.

Essay by bunkbedbuddyHigh School, 11th gradeA+, October 2003

download word file, 3 pages 4.0

The birth of the world's first "test-tube baby" was a major breakthrough in medicine. It lead to many others and even other experiments. Though joy was brought from this breakthrough there was also many protests against it.

Louise Joy Brown was born on July 28, 1978 in Oldham, England. The parents are Lesley Brown and Gilbert John Brown. The doctors that assisted in the birth were Patrick Steptoe, Robert Edwards, and Jean Purdy. Louise was nine days early and was born through a C-section. The special thing and Louise was that she was the world's first test-tube baby ever born. After Mr. and Mrs. Brown failed to conceive for nine years, they were just about out of options. Hope was found when the Browns were referred to Dr. Patrick Steptoe.

Dr. Steptoe had invented labaroscopy, the study of the inner abdomen, in the 1950s. At the same time Edwards was a student in zoology and was able to retrieve female ovaries and allowed the maturing of the oocytes.

In 1963, he spent several months attempting to fertilize the

oocytes with male sperm at the University of Cambridge. Five years later in 1968, Edwards and Steptoe met in London during a science meeting. Doctor Purdy was also with doctor Edwards. The three doctors would spend years trying to perfect the procedure of oocytes ripening and fertilization. Later the three doctors started with patient involvement. Even with great success with the tests, they were still denied research funds. In 1971, the doctors moved to Kershaw's Cottage Hospital. A year later they started the process of replacing the embryos in the mothers. It was not until 1975 that the doctors had a successful pregnancy.

With the world watching on live television Louise Brown was born. The pregnancy was the first...