World War 2

Essay by PaperNerd ContributorHigh School, 11th grade February 2002

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1. Identify (a)UN - United Nations (b)Iron Curtain - The iron curtain was the political and geographic seperation of Soviet-controlled Eastern Europe and the democratic Western Europe, first warned by Winston Churchill with the outcome of the Second World War. This was the front which symbolised the coldwar standoff between the United States and the USSR.

(c)Truman Doctorine - With Britain unable to continue support for the Royalists in the Greek Civil War, it was up to the United States to keep Greece from "going Communist." In March 1947, President Truman implored the American people to back the anti-Communist forces in Greece, and he suggested a bold change in American foreign policy, the Truman Doctrine: that America support and aid "free peoples" against the spread of international Communism. This policy of containment also meant a strengthening of pro-Western countries, militarily and economically.

(d)Berlin Airlift - German Airport (e)NATO - On April 4, 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) was formed to respond to future hostile Soviet, or Cold War, actions.

The founding members were: the United States, Canada, Belgium, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxemburg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United Kingdom. Greece and West Germany would eventually join, while France would withdraw.

4.(a) Who were the superpowers that emerged after World War II? (b)What were the main differences between them? The superpowers that emerged after World War II were the United States and The Soviet Union. The main differences between them were the conflicting ideologies and mutual distrust.