Essays Tagged: "Bentham"

Bentham - philosoper

Human NatureFor Bentham, morals and legislation can be described scientifically, but such a description requires an ... he two primary motives of pleasure and pain; this is the theory of psychological hedonism.There is, Bentham admits, no direct proof of such an analysis of human motivation--though he holds that it is ... itly refer to it. At the beginning of the Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, Bentham writes that "[n]ature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain ...

(12 pages) 124 0 5.0 Nov/2002

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Philosophy

Paternalism in the USA and Johhn Stuart Mills.

or. He was simply trained to be a great thinker. Mill began to admire and follow the work of Jeremy Bentham at around age fifteen. He felt Bentham was a revolutionary theorist and that the Utilitarian ... arian principle was genius. 1The principle of utility, he says, understood and applied as it was by Bentham, "gave unity to my conception of things. I now had opinions; a creed, a doctrine, a philosop ...

(12 pages) 192 2 4.7 May/2003

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Political Science

The utilitarian philosophies of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill.

Compare and contrast the utilitarian philosophies of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. Which do you think is the more convincing moral theory, and why?In ter ... heory, and why?In terms of Utilitarianism, this assignment shall outline the philosophies of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. It shall firstly illustrate the ideas of Bentham and then follow on to ... those of Mill. To continue, the assignment will view the failing qualities in both the men's works. Bentham did leave a great deal unsaid in his work yet the fact that he allowed for individuality to ...

(8 pages) 243 1 3.0 Jun/2003

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Political Science > Political Theory

Political Ideologies play a significant role in determining the direction of leisure and tourism policy.

views. These views were developed first by some classical early Victorian liberal theorists such as Bentham, T.H. Green and J. S. Mill (Jones et al 1994).Bentham favoured a fairly minimal State, whose ... h need for the State to do anything more than administer and defend civil society. Where it did act Bentham believed that the State should be subjected to periodic evaluation -- things like annual ele ...

(9 pages) 129 0 3.4 Nov/2003

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Political Science > Political Theory

Compare critically Bentham's, Hart's and Dworkin's accounts of legal obligation. The essay is submitted for the course "Jurisprudence"

Legal obligation is both Bentham's and Hart's central concern. Yet, Dworkin does not really make an account on this topic, bu ... on this topic, but rather criticising positivist theses. Thus, I will first make a brief summary of Bentham's and Hart's account of legal obligation, before I make a comparison of all the three jurist ... s account of legal obligation, before I make a comparison of all the three jurists' theories.Jeremy Bentham's Legal ObligationFor Bentham, obligation is the opposite of rights. Obligations and rights ...

(12 pages) 101 0 0.0 Jan/2004

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Philosophy > Comparative Philosophy & Ethics

How successful was J.S. Mill in overcoming the problems associated with Bentham's Utilitarianism?

How successful was J.S. Mill in overcoming the problems associated with Bentham's Utilitarianism?"The greatest good for the greatest number" is a simple way to sum up a fai ... art Mill tries to overcome these problems.In 1789 utilitarianism was born, the brainchild of Jeremy Bentham. Bentham was a hedonist or someone who is constantly in pursuit of pleasure or happiness. It ... eone who is constantly in pursuit of pleasure or happiness. It is around this idea of hedonism that Bentham founded a way of making moral and ethical decisions, he called it utilitarianism. Utilitaria ...

(4 pages) 114 0 4.2 Jan/2004

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Philosophy > Modern Philosophy

'Evaluating Utilitarianism' - What are the main features of Utilitarianism as an ethical theory? Examine and consider criticisms that have been made against Utilitarianism.

ction is considered good depending upon the outcome of a situation.The 19th century thinker, Jeremy Bentham devised the utilitarian theory, encompassing the belief that human beings were motivated by ... widely known as Hedonism, from the Greek word for pleasure 'Hçdonç'. Although Jeremy Bentham understood that pleasure was a motivator, he believed that pleasure should be sought for the ...

(9 pages) 474 0 3.8 Mar/2004

Subjects: Literature Research Papers > European Literature

Synopsis on Rational Choice

the rationality of individuals decisions. It was introduced to economics by John Mill, who adapted Bentham's pleasure-pain principle.For an individual to behave rationally, he would have to 'attempt ...

(5 pages) 175 0 3.0 Mar/2004

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Economics > Economic History

Title: Jeremy Bentham. A basic history of Jeremy Bentham and comprehensive explanation of his economic philosophy.

Born on February 15, 1748 in Spitalfields, London, Jeremy Bentham is the creator of Utililtarianism. Utilitarianism is the economic philosophy that the action ... ld be geared toward creating and sustaining the happiness of the largest amount of people. Although Bentham was schooled in the law and even called to the bar, as he got older he had an increasing dis ... older he had an increasing distaste for the law. (Patrick) "Every law is an infraction of liberty," Bentham said and he turned to writing about his criticisms of the law. (Bentham 3) After his father ...

(4 pages) 65 0 4.7 Nov/2004

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Economics

Problems and prospects for Utilitarianism

of this movement, JS Mill, was not even utilitarian, despite his assertions to the contrary.Jeremy Bentham was the modern father of utilitarianism, but he has his antecedents in the Epicureans, and i ... Paley. Paley advocated a type of Utilitarianism that was influenced by Christian theology. However Bentham was the first to bring all the theory together as a cohesive whole under the heading of act ...

(8 pages) 159 0 4.3 Mar/2005

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Philosophy > Modern Philosophy

Can Utilitarianism meet the objections of its critics?

ness;only the Englishman does."F. Nietzsche, "The Twilight of the Idols".Since its foundation by J. Bentham in the late 18th century and its further development by J.S. Mill, H. Sidgwick and several o ... as I am now trying to show, I do not believe utilitarianism can meet them sufficiently.According to Bentham, the rightness of an action can be determined by simply measuring the amount of happiness it ...

(7 pages) 149 0 5.0 Oct/2005

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Philosophy > Modern Philosophy

Are you convinced by Mill's attempt to draw a qualitative distinction between pleasures?

In Mill's Utilitarianism, he moves away from the traditional Benthamite argument which measures all types of pleasure in the same way, to stating that some pleas ... ideas actually hold any weight.One of the obvious strengths of Mill's argument is that it addresses Bentham's problem in being able to compare certain experiences. If all pleasures are of equal qualit ... leasures makes them more valuable but there is no specific reason to why it makes it more valuable. Bentham argued that it was a brute fact that pleasures are valuable, and in the same way it can be a ...

(4 pages) 24 0 3.0 Jan/2006

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Philosophy > Modern Philosophy

Explain the emergence of Left and Right Realist Criminologies and evaluate their strengths and weaknesses.

ing them as a multi-factored simultaneously. Early criminologists such as Beccaria, (1738-1794) and Bentham (1748-1832) sought to explain crime within the classical school of criminology, focussing on ... ns of Crime" in The Causes of Crime edited by J. Muncie and E. Mc Laughlin. (2004) Sage PublicationsBentham J. (1843) ibidCarter R, M. (1976) p. 2. ibidDurkheim E. (1895) in "Sociological Criminologie ...

(10 pages) 233 0 5.0 Feb/2006

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Sociology

The Flaw of Utilitarianism

Philosophers Bentham and James Mill developed an ethical theory, utilitarianism, proposing that all action should ...

(3 pages) 83 0 4.3 Apr/2006

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Political Science > Specific Policies

Hegel and the national heritag

but also as the embodiment of a national heritage. Interestingly, theorists like Hobbes, Locke, and Bentham were able to talk of states and government as if they bore no relation to particular countri ...

(15 pages) 18 0 5.0 Feb/2008

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Philosophy

Describe the affect of utilita

onsequences of their action.Even in Utilitarianism, we could categorize them into mainly two parts. Benthams just emphasizes on treating the utility gained or lost as a unit by itself. Whereas Mills i ... the government differ in the amount of money paid because of it? If we were to view it in terms of Bentham, I would think that the government would not pay different amounts of money for two people w ...

(6 pages) 763 0 5.0 Feb/2008

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Current Issues


ho had way too much free time.The term Utlilitarian was coined by a strange little man named Jeremy Bentham (Colliers, 1). It is defined by the ethical theory that the conduct which is right is that w ... mount of happiness (Colliers, 3). If a law makes the majority happy then that should make it right. Bentham figured laws should be socially useful and not merely reflect the status quo (Jeremy, 3). He ...

(5 pages) 117 0 3.0 Feb/2008

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Philosophy > Modern Philosophy

Utilitarianism: Are Basic Rights Important? Utilitarianism is based on the

es this make it right for my friend to torture and kill this dog? A good Utilitarian would say yes.?Bentham, indeed, thought that except in legal context, all talk of rights was nonsense? (Ryan, 16). ...

(4 pages) 8 0 0.0 Feb/2008

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Philosophy > Modern Philosophy

Panopticism and Society Today

tower and the guard in the tower at all times. There is one particular thing about this set up that Bentham made very tricky. The sun shines down through the tower and shines directly into the prisone ...

(5 pages) 56 0 5.0 Feb/2008

Subjects: Art Essays > Film & TV Studies > Film Review and Analysis

Bentham and Hobbes: Two Theories of Legislation

Thomas Hobbes and Jeremy Bentham were both legal positivists. In an attempt to solve the problem of interpretation, legal pos ... of legislation, it is the people who enforce the law that decide what it means. On the other hand, Bentham argues that promulgating the reasons for a law solves the interpretation problem. Both Benth ... theories differ the most in regards to natural law. In this paper, I will explain both Hobbes' and Bentham's theories of legislation and apply them to the Supreme Court Case Marbury v. Madison.Hobbes ...

(10 pages) 4054 0 0.0 Nov/2008

Subjects: Law & Government Essays > Law