Essays Tagged: "Skinner"

Describe and Evaluate Using Psychological Research the Contribution of Behaviourist Approaches to an Understanding of Human Behaviour.

a lot of the research done to be based on rats and other laboratory animals. Behaviourists such as Skinner, Pavlov and Watson have all influenced the research conducted in helping to explain human be ... a puzzle box where an animal had to pull a lever to escape from it and get to its reward, its food. Skinner copied this idea and called it the Skinner Box, although instead of the animal having to try ...

(5 pages) 113 0 3.0 Mar/2003

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

"Of Mice and Men" by John Steinback

btedly cause trouble for them. After the two men are hired by the Boss, they meet Slim, a jerk line skinner. He has a lot of authority over these men. There they also meet CarlsonLater that night, aft ...

(3 pages) 89 3 2.1 May/2003

Subjects: Literature Research Papers > North American > Authors > John Steinbeck

Aggression-Discuss the Three Psychological Approaches According to Freud, Skinner and Rogers(Psychodynamic, Behaviourist and Humanistic Theories)

ill explain and evaluate three psychological approaches of aggression from Sigmund Freud, Burrhus F Skinner and Carl R Rogers.Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) developed the psychoanalytical theory of the per ... ggression will always be at war with society and therefore the greatest obstacle to peace.Burrhus F Skinner (1904-1990) who favoured the behaviourist approach to psychology, criticised the psychoanaly ...

(7 pages) 318 0 4.4 Oct/2003

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology > Psychological Theories & Authors

Define and explain Declarative, Psychodynamic, and Cognitive psychology

recent environmental forces or causes (i.e. stimuli). Main psychologists in this area were Watson, Skinner, James, Thorndike and Pavlov.Skinner developed a psychology that concentrates not on the per ... a stimulus) and the nature of the reinforcement (which follows rather than precedes the behaviour).Skinner distinguished three different schedules of reinforcement ? continuous, interval, and ratio r ...

(6 pages) 219 0 4.4 Feb/2004

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

Explain the role social structures play in forming gendered identity.

ree will) and structural (determining social influence) is relevant here. Behaviorism as defined by Skinner argues that free will is an illusion, reducing human behavior to reward seeking and punishme ... aning behaving 'freely' is an illusion as it occurs only when no negative reinforcers are present. (Skinner 1974 p.50) So in relation to identity formation it states that we have no autonomy and are s ...

(4 pages) 304 2 4.7 Aug/2004

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Sociology

Explain the key theories in the field of child language acquisition.

ructure heard around the young child. One of the early language development studies, carried out by Skinner, concluded that the crux of linguistic development was along such lines - in that children l ... s undeniable that a large proportion of language acquisition is attributed to such duplication, but Skinner's imitation theory is flawed for several reasons.It is a well-known fact to every parent tha ...

(4 pages) 195 0 3.0 Feb/2005

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Language Studies

Write a short piece about your own social identity. Drawing on this, answer the following question: 'Critically evaluate the claim that 'collective social identities are both inclusive and exclusive'.

esearch shows:'Race appears to have a major impact on life chances'.(Bilton, Bonnet, Jones, Lawson, Skinner, Stainworth and Webster, 2002 p.164)But I recognise that this approach has raised:'Important ... e UK, and, about the links between discrimination and disadvantage'.(Bilton, Bonnet, Jones, Lawson, Skinner, Stainworth and Webster, 2002 p.164)And as a consequence I will also be using a post-modern ...

(17 pages) 239 0 4.8 Oct/2005

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Sociology

Is Psychology a Science?

tson's attempt to account for human and non-human behaviour in terms of classical conditioning, and Skinner's subsequent attempt to do the same with operant conditioning. Any science must have hypothe ...

(5 pages) 188 2 4.1 Nov/2005

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

This is a research paper that conveys a clear connection of the media's influence on self image.

("Media and Eating Disorders" 1). The media is placing stress and pressure on young girls to become skinner and this is leading to eating disorders, excessive exercise, and depression. The media has a ...

(4 pages) 150 0 5.0 Mar/2006

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Communication Studies > The Media

Organisational Behaviour - Hertzberg 2 Factor Theory

ierarchy theory, Herzberg's two-factor theory, Vroom's expectancy theory, Adams' equity theory, and Skinner's reinforcement theory.In this essay, the focus would be at Hertzberg's two-factor theory. M ...

(12 pages) 241 0 3.0 Sep/2006

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Management

"Of Mice & Men" film review

xactly what happened to cause her fear until chapter three, when George was speaking with Slim, the skinner. Difference within sequence of scenes such as this helps readers to develop a better underst ...

(5 pages) 12 0 5.0 Apr/2007

Subjects: Art Essays > Film & TV Studies > Film Review and Analysis

Service Product Marketing

000); hospitality such as nightclubs, hotels, restaurants (Jones et al. 2003) (Clarke et al. 1998) (Skinner et al. 2005); and many more.This paper tries to describe the importance of the main elements ... ler P. Atmospherics as a marketing tool. J Retailing 1973;49:48 - 64Krzysztof Kubackia,[1], Heather Skinnerb, Scott Parfittb, Gloria Mossb; 2007; Comparing nightclub customers' preferences in existing ...

(22 pages) 156 0 3.0 Aug/2007

Subjects: Businesss Research Papers > Marketing

Compare Contrast Operant & Classical Conditioning

ion: Classical Conditioning, CC, Pavlov and the encoding of consequences: Operant Conditioning, OC, Skinner (Grivas et al. 1999: 346-349). This essay will compare and contrast the two learning theorie ... arning called Operant Conditioning (also referred to as instrumental conditioning) was developed by Skinner in 1930 (Grivas et al, 1999: 345). OC is the conscious process in which the consequences of ...

(7 pages) 109 0 0.0 Feb/2008

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

The Effects of Bulimia

cosmetic surgeons specializing in facial treatment. The agency told Mina that if her face was a bit skinner she may perhaps have some potential as a fashion model. "I just ripped the paper out of her ...

(2 pages) 7 0 0.0 Feb/2008

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Health & Medicine

Abnormal Psychology and Therapy

a huge science area with many variations on approach. Over many years Psychologists such as Freud, Skinner, Rogers and Watson, just to name a few, have contributed, providing us with invaluable tools ...

(5 pages) 121 0 1.7 Sep/2008

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

The independent variable

to theorize the associative process in learning. (Hergenhahn & Olson, 2005) Psychologists like Skinner and Pavlov used animals to study the learning process.Pavlov studied learning in dogs throug ... vating as soon as they heard the sound of the bell even if no food was presented. (Willingham, 2007)Skinner studied learning through operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is different than classi ...

(4 pages) 44 0 0.0 Oct/2008

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology


ry focuses on the intrinsic values within people rather than the behaviourist approaches. Freud and Skinner believed that people’s behaviour is dependant on outside factors and the unconscious, w ...

(3 pages) 58 0 0.0 Dec/2008

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

Implication of Counselors to overcome Addiction

l concepts to facilitate understanding between helping professionals and step-program participants (Skinner, 1987).DiscussionThe professional counselor may be more likely to work with persons in recov ... t involved in a step program will need structure within which to develop new, counteractive habits (Skinner, 1987). Behavioral programs, such as contrading and cognitive restructuring, can provide eff ...

(2 pages) 18 0 0.0 Dec/2008

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Health & Medicine > Diseases

Language and Lexicon

language are communicative, arbitrary, structured, generative, and dynamic. According to Willingham,Skinner argued that the principles of operant and classical conditioning could account for how child ... y of language is that we almost never say the same thing twice. In essence, Chomsky was saying that Skinner’s theory was bound to miss the mark because Skinner failed to appreciate what language ...

(4 pages) 61 0 3.0 Apr/2009

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology > Psychological Theories & Authors

Understanding of Human Behavior

ioningLearning in which voluntary behavior is repeated depending on its consequences also called as Skinnerian or instrumental conditioning.Social learning mechanismsMany other elements are also being ... equences and observational learning: Response learning is not dissimilar to the approach adopted by Skinner, in that the behaviors, which occur as a result of such learning can either, be reinforcing ...

(3 pages) 57 0 3.0 Apr/2009

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology