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  • Ethnic Enclaves in Canada: Patterns of Exclusion, Segregation, and Clustering

    ReferencesAnderson, Kay. (1991). Vancouver's Chinatown: Racial Discourse in Canada, 1875-1980. Montreal, QC: McGill-Queen's University Press.Anderson, Kay. (1996). "Engendering Race Research: Unsettling the Self-OtherDichotomy" in Bodyspace: Destabalizing geographies of gender and sexuality. Basingstoke, UK. Routledge Publishing Ltd.Balakrishnan, T.R. and Maxim, Paul. (2005). "Residential Segregation and Socio-economic Integration of Visible Minorities in Canada" Paper presented at the IUSSP Conference, Tours, France, June 23, 2005.Bannerji, Himani. (1995). "Introducing Racism: Notes Towards an Anti-RacistFeminism" in Thinking Through: Essays on Feminism, Marxism, and Anti-Racism. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.Davis, Morris and Krauter, Joseph. (1978). Minority Canadians: Ethnic Groups.Toronto, ON: Methuen Publications.Driedger, Leo. (1999). "Immigrant/Ethnic/Racial Segregation: Canadian Big Three andPrairie Metropolitan Comparison" in Canadian Journal of Sociology, Issue 24, p485-509.Frankenberg, Ruth. (1993). White Women, Race Matters: The Social Construction ofWhiteness. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.Gifford, Robert. (2002). Environmental Pscyhology: Principles and Practice (3rd Ed.).Victoria, BC: Optimal Books.Horsfall, Robert. (2005). Geography 369 Lectures. May-July, Simon Fraser University.Logan, John , Alba, Richard, and Zhang, Wenquan. (2002). "Immigrant Enclaves andEthnic Communities in New York and Los Angeles" in American Sociological Review, Issue 67 (2), p 299-322.Myles, John and Hou, Feng. (2002). Neighbourhood attainment and residentialsegregation among Toronto's visible minorities. Analytical Studies Branch research paper series. Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada.Novac, Sylvia. (1996). "Immigrant Enclaves and Residential Segregation: Voices ofRacialized Refugee and Immigrant Women" in Canadian Woman Studies, Volume 19 (2), 1999, p 88-91.Parris, Sandra. (2005). "The Geography of Identity: The case of Canada's Chinatowns(1858-2002)" in International Society of Exposure Analysis (ISEA), Volume 33, Number 1, 2005.Ralston, Helen. (1999). "Gender, Race, Class, and Paid-Work Experience in BritishColumbia, Canada: South Asian Immigrant Women in a Multicultural Society" Paper presented at the 7th International Interdisciplinary Congress on Women, University of Toppsiden, Norway, June 20-26, 1999.Smith, Elsie. (1991). "Ethnic identity development" in Joumal of Counseling andDevelopment: Multicultural Issues in Psychology, Issue 70, p 181-188.Suttor, Greg. (2004). "Immigration in Urban Canada: Policy Development Officer -Shelter, Housing and Support Division" Conference Paper presented at the2004 Tri-Country Conference, Toronto, ON, August 8, 2004.White, Michael, Glick, Jennifer, and Kim, Ann. (2003). Mapping Social Distance:Ethnic Residential Segregation in a Multiethnic Metro. Preliminary PAA Draft, 15 April, 2003. Providence, RI: Brown University.Wikipedia Encyclopedia (2005). Racism and Racial Segregation. Retrieved July 24, 2005from Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia website: <>
    • 16/06/2006
    • 12:31:23
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    ReferencesBoudreau, Julie-Anne. (1999). "Megacity Toronto: Struggles Over Differing Aspects ofMiddle-Class Politics" in International Journal of Urban and Regional Research,Dec 99, Vol. 23 No. 4, p 71-81.Bunce, Susannah. (2004). "The Emergence of 'Smart Growth' Intensification in Toronto:Environment and Economy in the New Official Plan" in Local Environment. Apr 04, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p 177-192.City of Toronto. (2002). Toronto Official Plan. Retrieved June 16, 2005 from the City ofToronto website:, Betsy. (2002). "Spinning Toronto's Golden Age: the Marking of a 'City thatWorked'" in Environment & Planning A. Dec 02, Vol. 34 Issue 12, p 127-155.Gertler, Meric S. (1995). "City-Regions in the Global Economy: Choices FacingToronto" in Urban Regions in a Global Context. Toronto, ON: Program in Planning, University of Toronto Press.Greater Toronto. (1996). Report of the GTA Task Force, January 1996. Toronto, ON:Queen's Printer.Hanna, Kevin S. and Walton-Roberts, Margaret. (2004). "Quality of Place and theRescaling of Urban Governance: The Case of Toronto" in Journal of CanadianStudies. Fall 04, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p 37-68.Hodge, Gerald and Robinson, Ira I. (2001). Planning Canadian Regions. Vancouver, BC:University of British Columbia Press.Holden, Alfred. (1997). "Reluctant Toronto, Suburbs combine to form megacity" inPlanning. Dec 97, Vol. 63 Issue 12, p 26-27.Macionis, John J. and Parrillo, Vincent N. (2004). Cities and Urban Life. (3rd Ed.). UpperSaddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.Roger, Keil. (2000). "Governance Restructuring in Los Angeles and Toronto:Amalgamation or Seccession?" in International Journal of Urban & Regional Research, Dec 00, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p 758-782.Tomalty, Ray. (1997). The Compact Metropolis: Growth Management and Intensificationin Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal. Toronto, ON: ICURR Press
    • 16/06/2006
    • 12:17:20
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