1. What is the policy of multiculturalism and why was it introduced by the 1970's?
The policy of multiculturalism was embraced by the Whitlam Labor government in 1972. The policy recognised ethnic groups across Australia could preserve their identities and cultural heritage while at the same time having an overall commitment to the nation as a whole. In 1977 a charter for multicultural Australia was drawn up. This charter recognised the three basic principles for multiculturalism to be successful. They were: Economic Efficiency - the need to maintain and develop the skills and talents of all Australians regardless of their background. Cultural Identity - the right of all to express and share their cultural heritage, language and religion. Equality of Opportunity - the right of all to equality of treatment and the removal of barriers of race, ethnicity, culture, religion, language, gender or place of birth.
The policy was introduced because it appealed to the public, it was apart of the Whitlam government campaign and the ethnic groups wanted it.
The policy also would've have been more inviting for people wanting to migrate to Australia.
2. Explain the effects that the policy of multiculturalism has had on Australian culture and society. 500 words
The effects of the multiculturalism policy have been good for Australia's culture and society. We have become more tolerant and culturally diverse. The economy also benefited from the migrants. The nation is a better place because of the policy.
The multiculturalism policy was introduced after a large amount of ethnics had already entered the country. With the large amount of different races in the country Australians were becoming more tolerant of them. There was still plenty of discrimination amongst the population but when the government started to enforce multiculturalism and that the migrants were new Australians people...