For a person with a disability it is vital that they enjoy the same opportunities as everyone else around them. Legislation exists to assist people with special needs in accessing services and options to encourage them to pursue life in mainstream society.
"People with an intellectual disability themselves, their families and advocates are demanding their rights be respected"
(Connelly, Rosser, White, Wilson, 1992)
This is verified by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights set out by the United Nations in 1948, which includes such areas as education, employment, freedom of individuals and rights to freedom of movement and residence (Amnesty International Website, 2001). The Declaration on the Rights of the Mentally Retarded Persons (1971) followed, which protects the rights of people with an intellectual disability. In 1975, The Rights of Disabled Persons required Australia to make sure that people with disabilities have a right to protection from discrimination; are treated with dignity and respect; have admittance into education, employment, and training; have a right to relationships and can acquire assistance to become as self-sufficient as possible.
Responsibilities for disabled people are the same as every other person, according to the Disability Services Act (1986). This Act explains that all people have the right to make their own decisions and be responsible for them. T Nirje (1995) sees people with disabilities should be recognized for who they are. Wolfensberger suggests that once people with disabilities relocated from institutions to living in accommodation within the wider community, society would have a more positive perception of their abilities rather than their disabilities (Sinson 1993). On the other hand placement of a person into the community does not necessarily mean integration or normalization (Perrin and Nirje 1989).
This is why Legislation such as the Disability Services Act (1986) was introduced giving the...