Aristotle Vs. Plato
PLATO VS. ARISTOTLE Dialectical & maieutic Organic systematization, distinction of themes and problems according to their nature and differ- ing methods of resolution Faith/religious based arguments Rigorous, theoretical logos based arguments Used mysticism in philosophy Philosophy based on concrete things of exper- ience Speculative interests Speculative interests and empirical interests employing anthropology Use of mathematical calculation Less math, more empirical methodology. Collecting & classifying specimens Inflexible arguments, lacking aporia Fluid arguments which institutionalized aporia CONCEPTS PLATO VS. ARISTOTLE Idea- external pattern to copy Form- internal urge for one to follow .
Exterior causation Self-sufficiency Active god- the designer of Passive god- mover the world’s pattern of the world’s form PLATO VS. ARISTOTLE God as a personal guide God as an impersonal stimulus Transcended principle of "one good" "Good" understood as the final cause of the whole of reality, "that towards which everything else tends".
Fixed "goods" Relational "goods".
Three types Exterior goods (wealth & pleasure) Absence of exterior not necessary for happiness goods may spoil or compromise happi- ness, i.e. Priam.
DEFINITIONS JUSTICE - Dike PLATO: Every man is free to attend to his own business, provided he does not interfere with the rights of other people. A friendly interweaving of mutual interests instead of a snarling warfare about irreconcilable aims. Justice as a universal fact, i.e. the Kallipolis.
ARISTOTLE: Justice is the mean between gain and loss. Justice as the lawful (universal) and justice as the fair and equal (particular). Particular justice consists of distributive (pertains to honor and wealth) and rectificatory (pertains to contracts/transactions) justice. Justice is the supreme ethical virtue.
HAPPINESS - Eudaimonia PLATO: Complete manifestation of virtues (wisdom, courage, moderation and most importantly, justice).
ARISTOTLE: - well being through well doing. Happiness is active. One does not receive it but achieves it. It is achieved through the mean.
GOOD - Agathon PLATO: Divides good into three categories; one which is inherently pleasurable (joy), another that is inherently pleasurable and produces pleasure (health) and one which produces benefits but is difficult to obtain (medical treatment, physical training).
Classical Philosophy essays:
... with another, the distance the second object moves is proportional to the force of the first object. In contrast to Plato, Aristotle used observation, such as this to make accurate deductions of the natural world. In addition to his focus on ... of the Academy, he set up the first school in Athens. It was here that Aristotle came to study. Though Aristotle was a student of Plato, he spent his life developing his own theories and concepts quite different from those of ...
... 's Academy. He remained there for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher. When Plato died in 347 bc , Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias (d. 345 bc ... was a Greek philosopher and scientist, who shared with Plato the distinction of being the most famous of ancient philosophers. Aristotle was born at Stagira, in Macedonia, the son of a physician to the royal court. At the age of 17 ...
... both empiricism and rationalism can co-exist (Hergenhahn, 2005, pp. 56-58). 1.3 The Hellenistic and Dark AgesAfter Plato and Aristotle, various schools of thought emerged, namely Skepticism, Cynicism, Epicureanism, Stoicism and Neo-Platonism. These thoughts can still be seen ... development of post-modernism today. The world as we know it was largely impacted by the views of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Socrates (ca. 470-399 BC) believed that by examining ones experiences, it was possible to arrive at an ultimate ...