ÃÂ·Name-Ernest Everett Just
ÃÂ·Born-August 14, 1883 in Charleston, North Carolina
ÃÂ·Died-October 27, 1941
ÃÂ·Raised in-Charleston, North Carolina
ÃÂ·Education-graduated magna cum laude from Dartmouth College with a degree in zoology, honors in botany and history, and honors in sociology; taught at Howard University; in 1916, he graduated magna cum laude from University of Chicago receiving his doctorate in experimental embryology
Dr. Ernest Everett Just made a huge contribution to our current body of knowledge of embryology. Although he was considered a leader in his work as an embryologist, Just, a brilliant African American male, fought against racism and prejudice. He still received international acclaim for work he completed at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Wood Hole, Massachusetts after obtaining his doctorate for experimental embryology from the University of Chicago in 1916 even though he was a black man. At the Marine Biological Laboratory, Dr. Ernest Everett Just conducted thousands of experiments studying the fertilization of the marine mammals.
The research he had gathered at Wood Hole was used to publish his first book entitled, Basic Methods for Experiments On Eggs of Marine Mammals. The doctor, then, successfully challenged Jaacque Loeb's theory of artificial parthenogenesis, or a form of reproduction in which the ovum develops into a new individual without fertilization. Dr. Just decided to move and study in Europe in 1930 because of the racial difficulties in America, and it was there that he published his second book entitled, The Biology of the Cell Surface. In 1938, he published a number of papers and lectures on the topic of cell cytoplasm. Dr. Ernest Everett Just passed away on October 27, 1941 after fulfilling 58 years of his life and dedicating most of it to his studies of embryology and cell structure.