Karin Bean, Notes Chapter 1
The word Psychology
Comes form the roots psyche (means mind) and logos (means study of or knowledge)
Is the science of behavior and mental processes. Psychologists gather scientific data in order to describe, understand, predict, and control behavior.
Is a science and a profession
Uses the scientific method to study behavior
are professionals who create and apply psychological knowledge
can be scientist, teachers, or apply it in education, business, sports, law, and medicine
The Scientific Method
is a powerful way to observe the natural world and draw valid conclusions
Begins with observations, questions, and hypotheses. Next, researchers gather evidence, test hypotheses, and publish results. scientific debate and theories suggest new hypotheses which lead to further research
Are the best way to identify cause-and-effect relationships in psychology
is central to the scientific method, to psychology, and to effective behavior in general
Television Magazines And Other Popular Media
Are rife with inaccurate information.
It is essential to critically evaluate information from popular sources or from any source for that matter
Make every effort to maintain high ethical standards in their work.
Is anything you do eating, sleeping, talking, or sneezing? Dreaming, gambling, watching TV, sports,reading.
Are observable actions and responses
Are private internal activities, (responses) such as thinking remembering and other mental events hidden from view
Facts or Information gained from direct observation or experience
True scientific observation
Is structured to answer questions about the world
Research method A systematic approach to answering scientific questions
An ability to evaluate, compare, analyze , critique e , and synthesize information
Critical thinkers analyze the evidence supporting their beliefs, they question assumptions, and they look for alternative conclusions.
Principles for Critical Thinking...