Being diagnosed with cancer is a very serious issue. Over 1.3 million people are going to be diagnosed with cancer this year alone. About 563,700 people will die this year from cancer-related illnesses. Technically the figures are declining but there are still treatments which need improvement and more studies conducted showing their progression.
Cancer is characterized by uncontrolled and abnormal cell growth. Surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, which use anti-cancer drugs, are generally included in cancer therapy. Of them, chemotherapy is the most frequently used method to prevent further growth of tumor cells or to kill them. Although the purpose of chemotherapy is to attack tumor cells and stop tumor progression, it turns out to be very challenging to protect normal healthy cells from being damaged by chemotherapy. Anticancer drugs induce high toxicities and side effects, such as vomiting, hair loss, and low immune response, in patients because the drugs attack healthy cells as well as tumor cells.
In some cases,
In chemotherapy, an intravenous injection (an injection through the vein) is generally used to administer
One approach used to localize chemotherapeutic agents...