China is the world's forth-largest nation. Located in Eastern Asia with Russia and Mongolia to the north, India to the southwest, and Vietnam and Laos to the southeast. China has a total land area of 3,695,500 square miles. Its capital lies at Beijing, while China's largest city is Shanghai. China boast some 14,500 km of coastline. Its climate is extremely diverse. It ranges from subarctic in the north to tropical in the south. China's terrain is perhaps as diverse as its climate. While mostly mountainous, China has vast plains, deltas and deserts. China is blessed with many natural resources such as coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, and aluminum. It has the world's greatest hydropower potential due to its numerous rivers.
China can be divided up into six geographic regions. Each with very distinct characteristics. The Northwest region is home to the Tien Shan mountain range and the Takla Makan, which is the driest desert in Asia.
North central China contains the Mongolian Steppe, a plateau desert that grades downward to the eastern steppe lands. The Northeast region is made up of a broad fertile plain and the Liaodong Peninsula. In North China you find the Huangtu Plateau, the North China Plain, and the Shandong Plateau. South China consists of the Yangtze River Valley. The Yangtze is Asia's longest river. The last region is the Southwest. It is made up of the Tibetan Plateau. This is the world's highest plateau region and includes Mount Everest.
Another influential aspect of China's geography is the weather. China's climate is controlled by its prevailing wind called The Asian Monsoon. Summertime temperatures are mostly uniform throughout China. During the winter extreme differences exists between north and south. Precipitation amounts vary throughout the country. Generally as you move further from the coast...