Discuss at least one development issue or challenge faced by any country of your choice.
The discussion should include some consideration of the ways in which the issue(s)
covered relates to the broader global context.
Development issues and challenges arise in many countries as they progress through the
stages of development, and for Bhutan this is no exception. Bhutan is a small country located in the
Eastern Himalaya's, situated between India and China. The biggest issue facing Bhutan is maintaining
its strong cultural identity, which it has maintained for much of history. "Bhutan's dilemma is
represented in its desire to share in global economic development while still retaining its traditional
cultural identity." (Brunet, S., 2001, p 243)
The main reason Bhutan is facing these social conflicts stems from the increased influence of
Western culture on the country's youths. This can partially be blamed on the increase of tourism to
the country. As the only country in the world which nationally practises Tantric Buddhism, the sense
of identity is very high throughout Bhutan. (Film: Bhutan: The impact of globalisation, 2008) Howver,
the increase of tourism has shown the younger generation an alternative, more glamorous lifestyle.
As tourists began entering the country in the late 1960's, this marked the beginning of change for
Bhutan. The population believed that "Development doesn't have to be material. You can have any
luxuries, but does it buy you happiness?" (Film: Bhutan: The impact of globalisation, 2008) However
due to development, most youths in urban areas are donning a more Westernised image, as
opposed to the cultural outfits, 'gho' for boys, and 'kira' for girls (CHUA,2008, p 16) which would
indicate they are becoming more image and product obsessed. This contradicts the older
generation's beliefs of not needing money to be happy. In addition to this is...