Dramatic Change needed to the One-Child Policy

Essay by serene1017University, Bachelor'sB+, September 2014

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Dramatic Change needed to the One-Child Policy

Research Paper

Taoran Wang

Author Note

This paper was prepared for WRIT 1301, section 021, taught by Professor Hansen

Dramatic Change needed to the One-Child Policy

China plays a more and more important role in the world these years, especially since it became the second biggest economy body in the world four years ago. However if we calculate the Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Per Capita, we can find that China ranks only 93rd in the world (International Monetary Fund, 2013). Clearly the over-population is extremely serious problem in China.

China has the largest population in the world with only third largest national area and it is the first country whose population reached 1 billion. Hence it is very hard for Chinese government to develop its economy, politics and culture with finite resource and many people.

However Chinese Communist Party has overcome much difficulty and led Chinese people to make a difference in the past 50 years. To a large extent the accomplishment is based on a fundamental policy-One-Child policy (OCP). This mandatory policy, established in 1980, dictates that parents who have the city citizenship can only give birth to one child and it was. It has turned out that this policy controlled the increasing population effectively.

This policy has been carried on for more than 30 years. But defects of the OCP have surfaced gradually as the time passed. This policy is a two-edged sword for China and it should change now as circumstances have changed. The national situation and international environment have changed considerably, and it turns out that the OCP has created interconnected problems in the aging population, in society development and in government credibility. In order to...